Vol. 11 No. 1
Rural livelihood system in Manipur with special reference to cultivation of king chilli
Abstract: This study was undertaken to examine role of king to the livelihood of the rural households in Manipur especially in terms of income and employment. Random Sampling without Replacement method was followed for the purpose of the study to get the ultimate unit of samples. Data was collected from fifty chilli growers thus selected from two blocks of the Tamenglong district during the agricultural year 2013-14. The study area was well endowed with both human capitals and land capitals. Highly diversified livelihood systems were observed in both hills and plains with the Simpson diversity index of 0.82 and minimum of 0.50 in plains and 0.54 in hills. Agricultural and allied group of activities provided 62.08 per cent of employment in terms of man days in hills and 50.50 per cent in plains and 50.64 per cent and 49.35 per cent of family annual income in hills and plains respectively. King chilli shared 53 per cent of agriculture income and 27 per cent of annual family income in hills and 43.9 per cent of agriculture income and 22 per cent of annual family income in plains. Lack of improved method of cultivation and crop management was found to be the most important constraints faced by the farmers followed by lack of extension services improper or lack of processing and storage facilities and susceptibility of the crop to various pests and diseases infestations and lack of control measures, problems in marketing and unpredictable climatic condition leading to price and income instability.
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