Vol. 7 No. 1
Institutionalization of system of rice intensification (SRI) in Indonesia: socio- economic aspects.
Abstract: The research aimed to know the advantages and the socw-economic barriers in adopting on System of Rice !ntensl}ication (SRI! The research was carried out in Bantu/ and S/eman District. Yogyakarta Special Regency (DIY). Indonesia. The sampled farmers implemented SRI method to their rice j)e/ds either as a /andoirner or sharing system. They were involved and active in empowerment program on SRI at both districts. The rice variety that planted was Menthik Susu. a local variety Central Java and fogyakarta province. Economic adwmtages measured to affirm that SRI had economic advantages that include variable cost (per I 000 m\') and re tum cost ratio values besides environmental. SRI had been done \\l\'as pure-organic or ll\'ithout syntheticferti/i::ers and pesticides. Comparison of SRI and conventional method indicated social economic barriers on adopting process of SR!. In the process Chi-Square and Cochrant-Q tests were used !he result sho1red that SRI has gffafer return:cost (R./C) ratio value (I: 1.4) and l01rer in variable cost than convell/ional method Comparison be/ll\'een both rnlue are. rnriab/e cost rnlue for SRl:conventional is I : I and RC ratio value is \".80. 3.16. ft sh01rs that SRI reduces variable cost by \"0% and increases R/C raf/o b)\' 52%. Decreasrng vanable cost was influenced by cost o.f inputs 1 inch mostly can be produced byfarmer-se/f such as solid orgamcfertilizer and natural pesticides. The economic barriers those hampered in adoption of SR! to the people are product market, mput source. capital and production mechanism. The social barriers 1rere government policy. socf(JI organi::ation. academic support. and training.
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