Vol. 15 No. 3
Critical review on microbial perspective of jute retting
Author(s): S. SINHA RAY, S. MUKHERJEE, MD. N. ALI AND B. MAJUMDAR
Jute is considered as “cash crop” because of its economic importance which chiefly depends on the fiber quality. Amongst several factors, retting is considered to be the most important to obtain high quality fiber. Retting is the result of combined action of aquatic microorganisms and water on jute stem. During this process, enzymatic activities of aquatic microorganisms lead to degradation of “cementing materials” pectin substances between the cells and help to separate the fiber from stem. During retting, microbial status of retting water as well as biological property of water is changed. Literature study reveals the microorganisms having high pectinolytic activity coupled with xylanase activity is essential for effective jute retting while cellulosic activity of microorganisms degrade the fibers itself quality. Microbial jute retting has immense potential under the changed climatic situation due to global warming under water scarcity condition. Keeping view on the interdependent role of both of water and microorganisms, here an attempt has been taken to summarize the retting microorganisms with special reference to their role during retting.
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