Vol. 16 No. 2
Studies on preservation and shelf life of cut anthurium flower
Author(s): B. MAWLONG, P. PANJA, P. K. THAKUR, D. BHATTACHARJEE AND R. S. DHUA
Abstract: Anthurium (Anthurium andraeanum Lind) is an internationally important cut flower for its virtue of color variation and long vase life which can contribute largely to the floriculture industry; making it the largest genus in the plant family Araceae. Cv. Tropical was collected and experiment was conducted under laboratory condition at the department of Post Harvest Technology, BCKV. Flowers were cut and they were weighed and subjected to preservative solution with freshly prepared comprising treatments [T1=Sucrose (2%)+CA(200ppm), T2=Sucrose (2%) +CA(200ppm)+HQS (200 ppm), T3=Sucrose (2%)+CA(200ppm)+Al2S04 (200ppm), T4= Sucrose (2%)+CA(200 ppm)+BA (50ppm), T5= Sucrose (2%)+CA(200ppm)+HQS (200ppm)+BA(50ppm), T6= Sucrose (2%)+CA(200ppm)+Al2S04 (200ppm)+BA(50ppm), T7=BA(50ppm) and T8=Distilled water] separately. All the treatments enhanced the keeping quality and vase life compare to the control ones. Among all the treatments T4 resulted in increased uptake of water and total water loss. Increased fresh weight was maximum in T5 load in turn extended vase life. T2 showed maximum retention in spadix colour upto 17 days before blackening and glossiness for 19 days. Maximum vase life was observed in T1, T2 and T5 of 20 days. The lowest decrease in fresh weight was noticed with T5 but it took maximum time. Percentage loss in weight and fresh weight loss is highest in T1. Blackening of spadix and blueing of spathe were start showing first in control at 8th day and in T6 (13th day) respectively. It has been concluded that cut anthurium flower with T5 delay the onset of flower senescence, maintained post-harvest quality and prolong the vase life compared to other treatments.
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