Vol. 11 No. SP
Exploring the feasibility of arecanut based farming systems in augmenting farm economy- a case study in Karnataka, India
Author(s): K. P.VISHWAJITH, P. K. SAHU, B. S. DHEKALE, MD NOMAN AND P. MISHRA
Abstract: Arecanut is one of the important cash crop in India by virtue of its own merits. Any enterprise which has got potentiality for employment of human resources and which can contribute in Indian economy through substantial foreign exchanges is of much importance. Keeping in mind the resource limitation scenario vis-à-vis judicious utilization of resource, in this study, an attempt has been made to identify not only the best cropping system but also the best farming system for arecanut growers in Thirthahalli, Karnataka, India. Analysis of primary information’s from 48 arecanut growers reveals that by a large arecanut based cropping system could be grouped into sole arecanut, arecanut – banana, arecanut - coco and arecanut – spices groups. Among this arecanut – spices cropping system has better monetary advantage over the others. Moreover, among the arecanut – spices combination, arecanut – pepper by far is the best one. Discriminant analysis identifies the importance of different parameters like area, labour cost, fertilizer cost etc. are the major contributing parameters in differentiating the farmers among the groups. The probability of correct classification which as high as 0.85. Among the arecanut based farming system, inclusion of poultry enterprise has raised benefit cost ratio from 2.20 (sole arecanut) to 2.72. From the study it also appears that arecanut – pepper - poultry may be good options in augmenting farm income of the arecanut growers.
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