Vol. 10 No. 1
Effect of homa organic farming practices on biochemical properties in soil and soybean (Glycine max)
Author(s): KUMARI NAMRATA, P.W. BASARKAR, M. SRINIVASA
Abstract: A field experiment was conducted with eight treatments exposed to Homa atmosphere replicated during kharif season to study the biochemical efficacy of Homa Organic Farming in soybean crop (JS 335) by creating Homa atmosphere. The conventional control (CC) and control without Homa (CWH) were maintained 1 km away. A common basal treatment of cow dung (CD) and cow urine (CW) was given to seeds of Homa treatment. Agnihotra Homa (AH) at sunrise and sunset and Om Tryambakam Homa (OTH) performed for 3-4 h daily yielded smoke and ash were used for seed treatment and for furrow application and Biosol was used for soil and foliar application. Treatment T3 (Seed treatment with OTH ash, fresh CD and CW + furrow application of OTH ash) was significantly superior over control in case of nodule count and nodule dry weight. The macro and micro nutrients increased in Treatment T2 (Seed treatment with AH ash, fresh CW and CW + furrow application of AH ash), T3, T4 (Seed treatment with AH ash + fresh CW and CW + soil application of Biosol) and T5 (Seed treatment with OTH ash, fresh CW and CW + soil application of Biosol) was recorded. Soil Zn content and dehydrogenase activity increased over control with treatment T2 and T4. Total protein and oil content increased on HT and activities of â-amylase and invertase in soy seeds on soil application of Biosol were superior. Homa smoke, ashes and Biosol thus show promise to the farming community to produce crops with good returns.
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