Vol. 13 No. 2
Comparative socio-economic analysis of problems of livelihood security with respect to food security between rural and urban areas in Imphal West District of Manipur State of India
Abstract: Livelihood is simply the means of securing the necessities of life, i.e. food, water, shelter and clothing. It is defined as a set of economic activities either in the nature of self-employment and per or wage-employment thereby generates adequate resources to meet the basic requirements of life for oneself as well as the members of the household. Many definitions of livelihood security derive from the work of Chambers and Conway (1992). Monitoring livelihood security can help to identify and understand the well-being of the population and livelihood insecurity. Therefore, the present study is undertaken to look at the various aspects of household livelihood security in Manipur State of India. The primary focus of this study is to analyze the nature and extent of people’s livelihood security by using household survey data with the objective of evaluating the household livelihood security with respect to food security in rural and urban area of Imphal West district. From the study, it is concluded that the percentage of annual per consumer unit consumption of food is higher for rural sample households in Imphal West district. Rice accounts for highest quantity among the food items consumed. In rural areas, the percentage of annual per consumer unit expenditure is higher for food items, while it is reverse in urban areas. The overall calorie intake is lower than the RDA in rural sample households and higher than the RDA for urban sample households. For rural and urban sample households, the protein intake per day per CU is higher than the RDA in all group sizes.
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