Vol. 19 No. 1
Efficacy of floor management using banana biomat mulch and leguminous cover crop on yield and quality of guava cv. Sardar (L-49)
Abstract: An experiment was conducted at the ICAR-AICRP on fruits, BCKV, Mohanpur, Nadia, West Bengal during 2018 to 2020 in Randomized Block Design with six treatments (T1 : Banana biomat mulch (BBM) @ 30 kg fresh m-2 Leguminous cover crop (LCC) @ 3g seeds m-2 + Recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF) @ 0 %, T2‚ : T1 + 25% RDF, T3 : T1 + 50% RDF, T4 : T1 + 75% RDF, T5 : T1 + 100 % RDF and T6 : Control RDF @ 100%) with 4 replications. An outcome clearly affirms a significant effect of BBM and LCC along with varying dose of fertilizers and the application of BBM (webbed leaf-sheath of banana @ 30 kg fresh m-2), LCC (@ 3g m-2; black gram cv. Kalindi in winter, mung bean cv. Samrat in summer) and RDF @ 75%, twice a year (August, 2018 & January, 2019), followed by incorporation of leguminous cover crops into the soil at 50-60 days after sowing showed better results with respect to weed growth suppression, soil moisture conservation, nitrogen content in orchard soil, yield and quality of guava and higher B: C of the cultivation.
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